Investigation, arrest and bail
If you are a victim or witness in a serious crime, police will ask you to make a statement about what happened as part of their investigation.
Nearly all criminal cases start off in the Local Court before a magistrate.
Matter goes to the District or Supreme court
When a matter goes to the District or Supreme Court the case may be mentioned several times before a Judge, before the accused is tried or sentenced.
If a defendant is convicted in a criminal prosecution, the event that follows is called sentencing. A sentence is the penalty ordered by the court.
The offender has 28 days from a conviction or sentencing to appeal, or let the court know that they are planning to appeal.
Not all criminal cases will end with a verdict of guilty or not guilty; there are a number of other possible outcomes.
Charges and EAGP
The Early Appropriate Guilty Plea reforms were introduced in NSW in 2018. The reform is designed to encourage early pleas of guilty in criminal cases.