Prosecuting crimes: The legal process
The main steps in the prosecution of a serious crime, from the police investigation and arrest until the end of the legal process.
What happens in the District and Supreme Courts before a criminal trial starts, and the main steps in a trial.
What happens in a sentence hearing, how the courts decide on a sentence, and the sentences available in NSW.
Not all serious criminal cases are transferred to the District or Supreme Court. Some stay in Local Court, where prosecutions are less complex and usually a lot faster.
When there are questions about the accused’s mental health or capacity, the legal steps, verdict and penalties can all be different than in other criminal cases.